Garden Vines : What You Must Know to Become an Expert?

Apr 28, 2012 by


how to control vinesEven though some landscapers can’t stand to have vines crawling over their walls, trellises, and fences this landscaper believes vines add a lot of beauty and variety to your landscaping. Vines are well-known for growing vigorously. Some vines need regular maintenance to keep them looking nice. Most of the time, vines are relatively easy to maintain, and they add a lot of color and variety to your garden.

One of the things that most people think of when they think about vines is how quickly they can grow. Because most vines don’t have a strong support system, they put most of their energy into growing rapidly. Some vines that can grow as much as 15 feet in one year! Many people like to use vines because they have beautiful flowers, and they’re great at covering stuff up. The best time for planting most vines is in the spring. Most vines tend to lose all of their leaves, or die as soon as it gets to be cold. They should reach their maximum size every year, in the fall, just before the first frost.

Before you plant vines in your garden, it  is important to know much about them as you can. You don’t want them to grow out of control, and you want to make sure that the vine you plant is the right kind for your garden.


Vine Varieties

how to control garden vinesSome vines  are annuals. Morning glory is a good example of an annual. Annuals grow very quickly, but when cold weather comes around they tend to freeze. Fertilizer can help them to grow even faster, and these types of vines grow back from seeds every spring. The nice thing about annuals is that they don’t need much pruning, and they grow very quickly.

The other type of vines are perennials. Perennial vines tend to be either woody or herbaceous. When most people think of a woody vine, the first thing that comes to mind is grapes, such as those found in a vineyard. Wisteria is a never good example of a woody vine. They kind of resemble shrubs once they start to turn woody. If you’re going to plant a woody vine, you will need some type of permanent support to help hold the vine structurally in place. Herbaceous vines are a lot like woody vines in that they will grow back each year from their roots. Over time, their roots will get stronger as they get bigger. Perennial vines tend to store a lot of nutrients in their roots. This allows them to grow back every year.

Vines are great to use in small areas. If you have a trellis, or a fence, you can plant a lot of vines in pots and have them climb these areas. Sometimes vines can make your lawn garden overgrown, but sometimes they can be the perfect touch to help give your garden more of a three-dimensional beauty.

garden vinesTendrils – most of the time, vines come with tendrils. These are finger-like structures that help vines to climb fences, shrubs, and trellises. These tendrils will attach themselves to whatever they can find. They can help the vying to climb structures, and sometimes they can even turn into roots that help feed and support the vine as it grows along the ground. When you are planting grapes, you typically want to run wires on either side of the plant so that the vines have a way to grow.

Sometimes these tendrils can also develop roots, called Clinging Vines or Rootlets. For example, when a vine is climbing a tree, it often uses these rootlets to attach itself to the tree and pull out. Not only that, these can be parasitic, taking water and nutrients from the host. Sometimes, vines that climb trees can eventually kill them.

Why are Vines so Amazing!

One of the reasons why vines are so valuable, is because they often grow where other plants can’t. For  instance, they can grow over an archway called a Pergola, they can grow on brick or stone walls, and they can even grow over a retaining wall or on a fence. Because they can grow almost anywhere, they are great to use in landscaping. Some vines have a beautiful fragrance, other vines can be used to cover up things such as dog houses. I like vines because they can cover man-made structures and make your entire garden look a lot more natural and beautiful. If you have a small garden, you still have room for vines to grow. Even if you only have a small pot in your backyard, you can have vines that turn an ordinary patio into an extraordinary one.

Careful, Some Vines can be Destructive!

As a landscaper, I’ve had the job of removing vines before. Sometimes it can be real difficult. I had seen how the weight from the vines has actually broken up trellises. It is hard to believe that a small binder will add more damage to a large trellis or pergola, but over time, the weight of the vines can really add up. Make sure before you decide to have a vines climb up a trellis or a pergola, that you take into account how much it is going to weigh when it matures. Make sure that the structure can support that much weight. It might also be a good idea to reinforce existing structures. When you use perennial vines, it might be difficult to remove them without destroying the trellises later on.

With annual vines, you can use wire trellises and they work just fine. With most perennial vines, you’re going to want to use trellises that are solid and that are built to last.

Another example of a destructive vine is one that entangles itself in your bushes or in your trees. If you have a fast-growing vine, be sure to keep it pruned back. If you don’t, it is possible that a vine can end up killing your bushes, or even some of your smaller trees.


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