Learn the Basics of How to Plant and Care for Fruit Trees

Apr 28, 2012 by

how to harvest fruit treesFruit is delicious, and it is no wonder why most people who have gardens also take time to grow fruit as well.

With Limited Space, Grow Berries Instead of Trees

If you have limited space that you’re working with, you may want to consider growing berries. Berries grow very quickly, and produce a lot of fruit. Not only that, but buying berries in the store is very expensive so you can save a lot of money by growing raspberries, blueberries, or blackberries on your own. Not only that, but berries are perennial. Which means that you only have to plant them once.

Planting Fruit Trees Takes Patience

My parents have beautiful fruit trees, but it has taken them four or five years for their trees to reach full maturity and produce a lot of fruit. Now, they have a lot of peaches, nectarines, pears, and apples  growing in their garden. When you first plant your fruit trees, you need to make sure to water them regularly by applying at least 1 inch of water per week. Aside from watering, you may need to do spring fertilizer, and compost to keep your trees healthy and growing strong. Make sure to weed around the base of your trees, or else use some type of mulch to keep them out.

When you are selecting a fruit tree, make sure that you select one that grows well in your climate. To find out what trees grow well by calling a local nursery in the area and asking them. Basically, there are two times when you can prune your fruit trees. One is in the late winter, and the other is during the summer. Pruning helps the trees to maintain their size without getting too large to pick the fruit. In addition, it gives the fruit trees a much more pleasing appearance. Also, pruning your fruit trees on a regular basis will help you produce better fruit.

Two Different Pruning Methods

how to prune fruit treesDepending on the type of tree that you have, you want to use a different method for pruning. If you are going to trim dwarf apple, plum, and pear trees, you want to make sure to maintain a center leader. The center leader is the core of branches that are in the middle of the tree that are going straight up. Having these branches will help to strengthen the tree so that it will yield more fruit. The result of this method of pruning is that your trees start to look a bit more like a Christmas tree. Eventually, you’re going to want to also trim the center, to keep these trees from getting too large. Also when you’re pretty make sure to remove any unhealthy limbs, or limbs that probably won’t get a lot of sunlight. By doing this, you can strengthen the tree overall, and help it to use its energy to produce more fruit.

However, if you are trying to trim nectarine and peaches, you want to make sure to keep the Sabbath. If the center is open, then branches. The trees should end up looking like an empty vase. By getting more sunlight to these branches, you’ll be able to produce better fruit. Peaches and nectarines grow based on the amount of sunlight that each branch receives, not based on the amount that the tree receives.

How to Get the Best Fruit

I love fruit trees, and I love to get the best tasting fruit. Most trees produce more fruit than they need to. If this is the case with your fruit trees, feel free to thin out over crowded areas of the tree where fruit is about 1 inch in diameter. This will allow the other fruit that is growing to grow larger. In addition, to be a good chance for you to remove the diseased or withered fruit, and it should also help to have less problems with pests, and tree diseases.

How to Thin and Harvest Your Typical Fruit Trees?

caring for fruit trees(This information below comes from personal experience, and from using the Better Homes & Gardens owner’s manual For Yard and Garden Care. Published by BH G books as a reference.)

When You Are Planting Cherry – cherry trees don’t need thinning. You may want to thin them to make the tree aesthetically pleasing, but you don’t have to cut off very many branches at all. When the fruit is full of color and of little bits squishy, it is perfect to harvest.

How to Deal with Apple Trees?

With Apple trees, you want to thin about five weeks after they bloom. When you harvest, make sure to twist the Apple and not pull it so that you can keep the stem on it.

Dealing with Apricot Trees – the best way to deal with apricots when you are thinning them is to leave three or four healthy fruits per cluster. When the fruit is slightly soft and full of color, then it is a perfect time to harvest it.

Peach Trees – like apples, you want to wait 4 to 6 weeks after the first bloom in order to thin them out. Make sure that your younger peach fruits are spaced at least 6 inches apart. Fruit comes off the tree very easily when they are ripe.

How to Take Care of Pear Trees?

With pear trees, you also want to make sure that the fruit is at least 6 inches apart. This will give you much larger fruit once it is mature. Most people pick their pears before they are fully ripe, but you can let them fully ripen on the tree if you wish.

How to Deal with Plums – plums should be spaced at 2 to 3 inches apart. This will give you larger fruit. Once the fruit is ripe it should be sweet and slightly soft.


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