Planning a Raised Vegetable Garden Layout?
This last winter, my wife and I started planning a raised vegetable garden. Every year, about the middle of February, I started thinking about gardening. This is usually when the snow melts, and the sun started shining. If you like gardening, you’re probably thinking about how to start a garden too. There are a few important aspects to planning your vegetable garden layout.
Finding the Right Location
If it is your first year planting, this step is crucial. You want to find an area that gets a minimum of 6 to 8 hours of sunlight. 8 to 10 hours is even better. Keep in mind, that the sun will vary slightly throughout the year, but if you are in the northern hemisphere, you want to plant your garden on the south side of your home. Also, it makes it easier to water your garden if it can easily be reached by your sprinkler system. If you don’t have a sprinkler system, consider installing a soaker hose, or a sprinkler timer, to make it easier to water your lawn and garden.
Choosing Your Vegetable Garden Layout
Choosing your vegetable garden layout is a lot of fun. You want to make sure that your vegetables are going to get enough space, and you’re going to want to make sure that they get enough sunlight. When I plant my garden facing South, I want to make sure that the shorter plants are in the front, and the taller plants are towards the back. Some of the most common spacing for plants is given below.
Spacing for plants, depends on how tall they grow. Typically plants that grow taller are going to need more space, and they’re going to take more sunlight.
Traditional Garden Versus A Raised Garden Bed
When I started gardening, I liked using a traditional garden. The advantage of using a traditional garden is that you can put in a garden fairly quickly. You can also make the garden as big as you want it to be, and you can plant anything that you want to plant in it.
Recently, I have switched to a raised vegetable garden layout. Even though raised vegetable garden layouts are typically smaller, they can offer you just as much productivity because you can control the soil. Also, you can make sure that your soil drains properly. But for me, the most important reason why I like using raised vegetable garden layout plans is because you don’t have to weed your garden nearly as often.
Spacing Plants in Your Garden
The best thing to do is to check on the seed packages for the proper spacing.
Cucumbers. Cucumbers should be planted 3 to 4 feet apart. Bush cucumbers will need at least this much space. Buying cheap cucumbers can be trained to grow upward so that they will use as much space in your garden. If you’re going to be growing cucumbers on vines, keep them close to the back row of your garden.
Tomatoes. There are literally hundreds of different varieties of tomatoes that you can plant. Most of the time you’ll want to raise them to one tomato plant for every 24 to 30 inches of garden. Also, it is a good idea to put supports around your tomato plants so that they can be supported as they grow and produce larger fruit.
Squash, Watermelon, and Cantaloupe. When you plant squash, watermelon, and cantaloupe, you want to make sure that you have plenty of seed. Squash should typically be planted in hills. Hills should be 3 to 4 feet apart. You want to plant 6 to 8 seeds at the top of each hills.
Garlic and Onions are best to plant in the early spring. Make sure that you plant them 4 to 6 inches apart with about 6 inches of space between the rows.
Corn. If you’re going to grow corn, you are going to need at least five rows in order for it to cross-pollinate. When you first plant your seeds, plant them 6 inches apart, then thin to one plant every 12 inches. Corn rows should be at least 30 inches apart.
Lettuce. Most of time lettuce can be grown very close together. In my garden I usually like to thin my lettuce plants out to one plant every 2 inches. They grow really close together, but they still produce great plants.
Cabbage. When you are planting cabbage, you want to plant a seed every 4 inches, and then thin out to have one plant every 12 inches. Rows should be about 12 inches apart also.
Beans. Your bean plants need to be planted at least 6 inches apart, and on either side of the trellis. Because they can grow really tall, you want to have them planted near a trellis so that they can grow upward. You’ll want to plant beans on either side of your trellis, and then make sure that you space out each of these rows by at least 30 inches from the next.
Peas. Peas should be thinned to one plant per 6 inches. Like beans, peas should be grown near trellises that help them to grow higher. This will increase your yield per square foot. These are fast and easy to grow.
Radishes. Radishes can be planted as close as 1 inch apart from each other. You can thin radishes down to one plant for every 2 to 3 inches. If you want to have radishes all year round, make sure to start a new section for radishes every two weeks.
Strawberries. Strawberries can be planted one plant per every 12 inches. Rows should be at least 12 inches apart as well.
Leeks. These should be transplanted when they are 6 inches tall. They should be spaced 8 inches apart in rows that are 12 inches.
Also, there are some plants that grow well together and some that don’t. For instance, aromatic plants such as Lavender and Rosemary, should not be planted close to cucumbers or tomatoes. These plants will grow pretty well next to a cabbage.
Sometimes, planting certain plants like onions, chives, or garlic around tomato plants help to keep pests from eating them. But the most important factor to help you decide what to grow in your garden is by deciding what you want to eat.
* Learn about the Ten Easiest Vegetables to Grow in your Garden